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Dynamic reversibility of hydrodynamic focusing for recycling sheath fluid
Lab on a Chip (2010)
  • Nicole N. Hashemi, Naval Research Laboratory
  • Peter B. Howell, Jr., Naval Research Laboratory
  • Jeffrey S. Erickson, Naval Research Laboratory
  • Joel P. Golden, Naval Research Laboratory
  • Francis S. Ligler, Naval Research Laboratory
The phenomenon of "unmixing" has been demonstrated in microfluidic mixers, but here we manipulate laminar flow streams back to their original positions in order to extend the operational utility of an analytical device where no mixing is desired. Using grooves in the channel wall, we passively focus a sample stream with two sheath streams to center it in a microchannel for optical analysis. Even though the sample stream is completely surrounded by sheath fluid, reversing the orientation of the grooves in the channel walls returns the sample stream to its original position with respect to the sheath streams. We demonstrate the separation of the sample stream from the contiguous sheath streams and the recycling of the sheath fluid using the reversibility of laminar flow. Polystyrene microspheres and fluorescent dye were used to quantify the performance of the unsheathing process. We found that the maximum numbers of microspheres and all of the fluorescent dye were recaptured at sheath recycling levels <92%. The use of this sheathing technique has previously been demonstrated in a sensitive microflow cytometer; the unsheathing capability now provides the opportunity to recover particles from the sensor with minimal dilution or to recycle the sheath fluid for long-term unattended operation.
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
Copyright The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010. Posted with permission.
Citation Information
Nicole N. Hashemi, Peter B. Howell, Jeffrey S. Erickson, Joel P. Golden, et al.. "Dynamic reversibility of hydrodynamic focusing for recycling sheath fluid" Lab on a Chip Vol. 10 (2010)
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