Are there residual deficits in balance, mobility, and gaze stability after surgical removal of vestibular schwannoma?
Twelve people with a mean age of 52 years who had undergone surgical removal of vestibular schwannoma at least three months previously and had not undergone vestibular rehabilitation. Twelve age- and gender-matched healthy people who acted as controls.
Handicap due to dizziness, balance, mobility, and gaze stability was measured.
Handicap due to dizziness was moderate for the clinical group. They swayed significantly more than the controls in comfortable stance: firm surface eyes open and visual conflict (p < 0.05); foam surface eyes closed (p < 0.05) and visual conflict (p < 0.05); and feet together: firm surface, eyes closed (p < 0.05), foam surface, eyes open (p < 0.05) and eyes closed (p < 0.01). They displayed a higher rate of failure for timed stance and gaze stability (p < 0.05) than the controls. Step Test (p < 0.01), Tandem Walk Test (p < 0.05) and Dynamic Gait Index (p < 0.01) scores were also significantly reduced compared with controls. There was a significant correlation between handicap due to dizziness and the inability to maintain balance in single limb and tandem stance (r = 0.68, p = 0.02) and the ability to maintain gaze stability during passive head movement (r = 0.78; p = 0.02).
A prospective study is required to evaluate vestibular rehabilitation to ameliorate dizziness and to improve balance, mobility, and gaze stability for this clinical group.
© Copyright Australian Physiotherapy Association, 2006
- vestibular schwannoma,
- acoustic neuroma,
- gaze instability
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/nancy_low_choy/11/