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Article
Identification and Meta-analytic Assessment of Psychological Constructs Measured in Employment Interviews
Journal of Applied Psychology
  • Allen I. Huffcutt
  • Philip L. Roth
  • James M. Conway
  • Nancy J. Stone, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Abstract

There has been a growing interest in understanding what constructs are assessed in the employment interview and the properties of those assessments. To address these issues, the authors developed a comprehensive taxonomy of 7 types of constructs that the interview could assess. Analysis of 338 ratings from 47 actual interview studies indicated that basic personality and applied social skills were the most frequently rated constructs in this taxonomy, followed by mental capability and job knowledge and skills. Further analysis suggested that high-and low-structure interviews tend to focus on different constructs. Taking both frequency and validity results into consideration, the findings suggest that at least part of the reason why structured interviews tend to have higher validity is because they focus more on constructs that have a stronger relationship with job performance. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed.

Department(s)
Psychological Science
Keywords and Phrases
  • Article,
  • Clinical Trial,
  • Human,
  • Interview,
  • Meta Analysis,
  • Personality,
  • Personnel Management,
  • Professional Competence,
  • Psychology,
  • Reproducibility,
  • Sensitivity and Specificity,
  • Social Behavior,
  • Humans,
  • Interviews,
  • Personality,
  • Personnel Selection,
  • Professional Competence,
  • Psychology, Industrial,
  • Reproducibility of Results,
  • Sensitivity and Specificity,
  • Social Behavior
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
Citation
File Type
text
Language(s)
English
Rights
© 2001 American Psychological Association Inc., All rights reserved.
Publication Date
1-1-2001
Disciplines
Citation Information
Allen I. Huffcutt, Philip L. Roth, James M. Conway and Nancy J. Stone. "Identification and Meta-analytic Assessment of Psychological Constructs Measured in Employment Interviews" Journal of Applied Psychology Vol. 86 Iss. 5 (2001) p. 897 - 913 ISSN: 219010
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/nancy-stone/10/