Skip to main content
Causation in Whistleblowing Claims
University of Richmond Law Review
  • Nancy M. Modesitt, University of Baltimore School of Law
Publication Date

his article attempts to bring coherence to the confusion of state whistleblower causation standards by: (1) explaining the causation standards presently used in federal whistleblower protection statutes; (2) identifying the proliferating causation standards used in whistleblower claims brought under state law; (3) assessing the most commonly used causation standards, including exploring the tort causation doctrine and theory that underlie some of these standards; and (4) proposing a uniform standard for causation in state whistle- blower litigation.

Citation Information
Nancy M. Modesitt. "Causation in Whistleblowing Claims" (2016) p. 1193 - 1232
Available at: