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A novel aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 activator leads to adult salivary stem cell enrichment in vivo
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • Alice Banh
  • Nan (Tori) Xiao, University of the Pacific
  • Hongbin Cao
  • Che-Hong Chen
  • Peiwen Kuo
  • Trevor Krakow
  • Brindha Bavan
  • Brian Khong
  • Mike Yao
  • Chi Ha
  • Michael J. Kaplan
  • Davud Sirjani
  • Kristin Jensen
  • Christina S. Kong
  • Daria Mochly-Rosen
  • Albert C. Koong
  • Quynh-Thu Le
Document Type
Article
DOI
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-0179
Publication Date
12-1-2011
Disciplines
Abstract
PURPOSE: To assess aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) expression in adult human and murine submandibular gland (SMG) stem cells and to determine the effect of ALDH3 activation in SMG stem cell enrichment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Adult human and murine SMG stem cells were selected by cell surface markers (CD34 for human and c-Kit for mouse) and characterized for various other stem cell surface markers by flow cytometry and ALDH isozymes expression by quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR. Sphere formation and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) incorporation assays were used on selected cells to confirm their renewal capacity and three-dimensional (3D) collagen matrix culture was applied to observe differentiation. To determine whether ALDH3 activation would increase stem cell yield, adult mice were infused with a novel ALDH3 activator (Alda-89) or with vehicle followed by quantification of c-Kit(+)/CD90(+) SMG stem cells and BrdUrd(+) salispheres. RESULTS: More than 99% of CD34(+) huSMG stem cells stained positive for c-Kit, CD90 and 70% colocalized with CD44, Nestin. Similarly, 73.8% c-Kit(+) mSMG stem cells colocalized with Sca-1, whereas 80.7% with CD90. Functionally, these cells formed BrdUrd(+) salispheres, which differentiated into acinar- and ductal-like structures when cultured in 3D collagen. Both adult human and murine SMG stem cells showed higher expression of ALDH3 than in their non-stem cells and 84% of these cells have measurable ALDH1 activity. Alda-89 infusion in adult mice significantly increased c-Kit(+)/CD90(+) SMG population and BrdUrd(+) sphere formation compared with control. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to characterize expression of different ALDH isozymes in SMG stem cells. In vivo activation of ALDH3 can increase SMG stem cell yield, thus providing a novel means for SMG stem cell enrichment for future stem cell therapy.
Citation Information
Alice Banh, Nan (Tori) Xiao, Hongbin Cao, Che-Hong Chen, et al.. "A novel aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 activator leads to adult salivary stem cell enrichment in vivo" Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research Vol. 17 Iss. 23 (2011) p. 7265 - 7272 ISSN: 1078-0432
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/nan-xiao/24/