Skip to main content
Article
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids regulate adipocyte differentiation of mouse 3T3 cells, via PGC-1α activation, which is required for HO-1 expression and increased mitochondrial function
Biochemistry and Microbiology
  • Maayan Waldman
  • Lars Bellner
  • Luca Vanella
  • Joseph Schragenheim
  • Komal Sodhi, Marshall University
  • Shailendra P. Singh
  • Daohong Lin
  • Anand Lakhkar
  • Jiangwei Li
  • Edith Hochhauser
  • Michael Arad
  • Zbigniew Darzynkiewicz
  • Attallah Kappas
  • Nader G. Abraham, Marshall University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
11-14-2016
Abstract
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) contributes to browning of white adipose stem cells to ameliorate obesity/diabetes and insulin resistance. In the current study, we show that EET altered preadipocyte function, enhanced peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor γ coactivator α (PGC-1α) expression, and increased mitochondrial function in the 3T3-L1 preadipocyte subjected to adipogenesis. Cells treated with EET resulted in an increase, P < 0.05, in PGC-1α and a decrease in mitochondria-derived ROS (MitoSox), P < 0.05. The EET increase in heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) levels is dependent on activation of PGC-1α as cells deficient in PGC-1α (PGC-1α knockout adipocyte cell) have an impaired ability to express HO-1, P < 0.02. Additionally, adipocytes treated with EET exhibited an increase in mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD) in a PGC-1α-dependent manner, P < 0.05. The increase in PGC-1α was associated with an increase in β-catenin, P < 0.05, adiponectin expression, P < 0.05, and lipid accumulation, P < 0.02. EET decreased heme levels and mitochondria-derived ROS (MitoSox), P < 0.05, compared to adipocytes that were untreated. EET also decreased mesoderm-specific transcript (MEST) mRNA and protein levels (P < 0.05). Adipocyte secretion of EET act in an autocrine/paracrine manner to increase PGC-1α is required for activation of HO-1 expression. This is the first study to dissect the mechanism by which the antiadipogenic and anti-inflammatory lipid, EET, induces the PGC-1α signaling cascade and reprograms the adipocyte phenotype by regulating mitochondrial function and HO-1 expression, leading to an increase in healthy, that is, small, adipocytes and a decrease in adipocyte enlargement and terminal differentiation. This is manifested by an increase in mitochondrial function and an increase in the canonical Wnt signaling cascade during adipocyte proliferation and terminal differentiation.
Comments

Copyright © Maayan Waldman, et al., 2016; Published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. This Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

Citation Information
Waldman M, Bellner L, Vanella L, Schragenheim J, Sodhi K, Singh SP, Lin D, Lakhkar A, Li J, Hochhauser E, Arad M. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids regulate adipocyte differentiation of mouse 3T3 cells, via PGC-1α activation, which is required for HO-1 expression and increased mitochondrial function. Stem Cells and Development. 2016;25:1084-1094. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/scd.2016.0072