We offer a detailed study on the anisotropic optical properties in uni and simultaneous biaxially stretched Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) films. Cast amorphous sheets of PET were stretched to a series of extension ratios in two mutually perpendicular directions at 80, 90, and 100°C. Additionally, 0selected films were subsequently “heat-set” by annealing with their width and lengths constrained. The principal refractive indices at sodium D wavelength of these, asstretched and heat-set films were obtained using a modified Abbe refractometer. The changes in the principal refractive indices with the processing history were correlated with the orientation of PET chains and phenyl plane normals, which were determined independently by wide angle X-ray (WAXS) pole figure technique.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mukerrem_cakmak/29/