Polyimide Aerogels Cross-Linked through Amine Functionalized Polyoligomeric SilsesquioxaneACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
AbstractWe report the first synthesis of polyimide aerogels cross-linked through a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane, octa(aminophenyl)silsesquioxane (OAPS). Gels formed from polyamic acid solutions of 3,3',4,4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA), bisaniline-p-xylidene (BAX) and OAPS were chemically imidized and dried using supercritical CO(2) extraction to give aerogels having density around 0.1 g/cm(3). The aerogels are greater than 90 % porous, have high surface areas (230 to 280 m(2)/g) and low thermal conductivity (14 mW/m-K at room temperature). Notably, the polyimide aerogels cross-linked with OAPS have higher modulus than polymer reinforced silica aerogels of similar density and can be fabricated as both monoliths and thin films. Thin films of the aerogel are flexible and foldable making them an ideal insulation for space suits, and inflatable structures for habitats or decelerators for planetary re-entry, as well as more down to earth applications.
Citation InformationHaiquan Guo, Mary Ann B. Meador, Linda McCorkle, Derek J. Quade, et al.. "Polyimide Aerogels Cross-Linked through Amine Functionalized Polyoligomeric Silsesquioxane" ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces Vol. 3 Iss. 2 (2011) p. 546 - 552
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