M Qasim MPhil Thesis (final).pdf(2014)
Present study investigates the current status of human development and human development disparities across the districts of Punjab. We have calculated Human Development Index (HDI) and Non-Income Human Development Index (NIHDI) for thirty-five districts of Punjab. Districts have been ranked on the basis of their values of HDI and NIHDI. We have also investigated some socio-economic determinants of human development disparities across the districts of Punjab. The results of our study indicate that huge human development disparities exist across the districts of Punjab. Some districts like Rawalpindi and Lahore have high human development status with high HDI and NIHDI values whereas some districts like Bahawalpur and Rajanpur are lagging behind in human development with low HDI and NIHDI values. Comparison of income index (INI) and NIHDI reveals that some districts like Narowal and Gujranwala have performed well in terms of NIHDI than INI. Similarly some other districts like Dera Gazi Khan, Muzaffar Garh and Rahim Yar Khan have performed better in terms of INI than their performance in NIHDI. Social infrastructure, remittances, industrialization and population density have been found important determinants of human development disparities across the districts of Punjab. All four variables show a positive and significant relationship with HDI. Out of four variables, three variables except population density show positive and significant relationship with NIHDI. Population density has insignificant association with NIHDI. So, the districts with poor human development especially the districts in Western and Southern regions of Punjab are identified as target for special policy interventions to improve human development.
- Human Development,
Publication DateSummer May 26, 2014
Field of studyEconomics
DepartmentDepartment of Economics
AdvisorProf. Dr. Amatul Razzaq Chaudhary
Citation InformationQasim, M. and Chaudhary, A.R. (2014). An Analysis of Inter-District Human Development Disparities in Punjab, Pakistan. M.Phil. thesis in Applied Economics, National College of Business Administration & Economics (NCBA&E) Lahore, Pakistan.
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