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Article
High-Temperature Grain Size Stabilization of Nanocrystalline Fe–Cr Alloys with Hf Additions
Materials Science and Engineering: A (2014)
Abstract
The influence of 1–4 at% Hf additions on the thermal stability of mechanically alloyed nanocrystalline Fe–14Cr alloys was studied in this work. XRD-calculated grain size and microhardness results were reported versus isochronal annealing treatments up to 1100 °C. Microstructural evolution was investigated using channeling contrast FIB imaging and TEM. Grain size of samples with 4 at% Hf was found to be maintained in the nanoscale range at temperatures up to 1000 °C. Zener pinning was considered as a major source of high temperature grain size stabilization. By comparing the Orowan strengthening contribution to the total hardness, the deviation of grain size predictions from the actual grain size in Fe–14Cr–4Hf suggests the presence of thermodynamic stabilization by the solute segregation to grain boundaries (GBs). A predictive thermodynamic model indicates that the thermodynamic stabilization can be expected
Keywords
  • Nanocrystals -- Research,
  • Grain boundaries
Publication Date
September, 2014
DOI
10.1016/j.msea.2014.06.099
Publisher Statement
Copyright (2014) Elsevier

*At the time of publication, Mostafa Saber was affiliated with North Carolina State University
Citation Information
Li, L., Saber, M., Xu, W., Zhu, Y., Koch, C. C., & Scattergood, R. O. (2014). High-temperature grain size stabilization of nanocrystalline Fe–Cr alloys with Hf additions. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 613, 289-295.