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Article
Size Effect of Primary Y2O3 Additions on the Characteristics of the Nanostructured Ferritic ODS Alloys: Comparing As-Milled and As-Milled/annealed alloys using S/TEM
Journal of Nuclear Materials (2014)
  • Mostafa Saber, Portland State University
  • Weizong Xu
  • Lulu Li, North Carolina State University
  • Yuntian Zhu, North Carolina State University
  • Carl C. Koch, North Carolina State University
  • Ronald O. Scattergood, North Carolina State University at Raleigh
Abstract
The need for providing S/TEM evidence to clarify the mechanisms of nano-scale precipitate formation was the motivation of this investigation. In this study, an Fe–14Cr–0.4Ti alloy was ball-milled with different amounts of Y2O3 content up to 10 wt.%, and then annealed at temperatures up to 1100 °C. Micron-size Y2O3 particles were substituted for the nano-size counterpart to elucidate the mechanism of oxide precipitate formation. The S/TEM studies revealed that the microstructure of the alloy with 10 wt.% yttria contained amorphous undissolved Y2O3 after ball milling, while a small part of the initial oxide particles were dissolved into the solid solution. Consequently, when the amount of yttria was reduced to 1 wt.%, the amorphous phase of the yttria vanished and the whole content of Y2O3 was dissolved into the BCC solid solution. Defect analysis of precipitates on the annealed samples via S/TEM and micro-hardness studies revealed that the use of micron-size primary oxide particles can produce nano-size precipitates, stable up to temperatures as high as 1100 °C, and uniformly distributed throughout the microstructure. This study indicates that the use of high energy ball milling along with micron-size primary oxide particles can lead to nanostructured ferritic ODS alloys without the use of nano-size primary oxide additions.
Keywords
  • Nanocrystals,
  • Temperature effect
Publication Date
September, 2014
DOI
10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.05.014
Publisher Statement
Copyright (2014) Elsevier

*At the time of publication, Mostafa Saber was affiliated with North Carolina State University

Citation Information
Mostafa Saber, Weizong Xu, Lulu Li, Yuntian Zhu, et al.. "Size Effect of Primary Y2O3 Additions on the Characteristics of the Nanostructured Ferritic ODS Alloys: Comparing As-Milled and As-Milled/annealed alloys using S/TEM" Journal of Nuclear Materials Vol. 452 Iss. 1-3 (2014) p. 223 - 229
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mostafa-saber/8/