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金融危机后的东亚“生产主义福利体制” : 基于我国香港和澳门地区的个案研究 = An examination of ″productivist welfare model″ after the financial crisis : the case studies of Hong Kong and Macau
浙江大学学报 (人文社会科学版) = Journal of Zhejiang University (Humanities and Social Sciences)
  • Ka Ho, Joshua MOK, Hong Kong Institute of Education
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
3-1-2011
Keywords
  • "生产主义福利体制",
  • 在职贫穷,
  • 跨代贫穷,
  • 社会保障,
  • "productivist welfare model",
  • working poverty,
  • intergenerational poverty,
  • social protection
Disciplines
Abstract
在全球金融危机下,不同社会经济背景的人都有相似的境遇。为应对1997至1998年的亚洲金融危机,香港和澳门特区政府推出了温和的社会保障措施以帮助失业和贫穷人士。在经历亚洲金融危机和全球金融危机所带来的显著经济、社会变化之后,香港和澳门居民期望政府提供更多的社会保障。尽管如此,大部分亚洲政府在处理日益复杂的社会保障议题上仍未改变福利供给策略。因此,对于多数人而言,经济困境不但没有改变,更由于2008年全球金融危机之前的食品价格危机而雪上加霜。有鉴于此,在过去几年,香港和澳门政府都推出了多项政策以解决在职贫穷与跨代贫穷问题。但旧有的“生产主义福利体制”已难以满足全球化进程中日益复杂的社会经济变迁和公民福利期望,应妥善调整福利策略。基于我国香港和澳门地区金融危机后社会福利措施改革的研究,对分析东亚地区社会福利体制变革具有一定的借鉴意义。 Our world is currently experiencing the global economic crisis and this has consequences for people from different socio-economic backgrounds. In coping with the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis, governments in Hong Kong and Macau provided moderate forms of social protection packages to help those social groups who were suffering from poverty or unemployment in the post-handover period. With significant social and economic changes taking place in Asia, particularly after experiencing economic downturn in the post-1997 Asian financial crisis and post-2008 global economic crisis, people in Hong Kong and Macau have heightened expectations for welfare provision and social protection packages from their governments. Despite the growing needs for social protection after the Asian financial crisis in 1997, most of the Asian governments have not drastically changed their approaches in handling the increasingly complex social welfare issues. Thus it is not surprising to see many people still suffered from economic hardship, especially in the midst of price crisis before the current global economic crisis broke out in October 2008. In the past few years, the Hong Kong and Macau governments have proposed a series of policies to target working poverty and intergenerational poverty. The comparative study of the social welfare and social policy responses in East Asia.
Citation Information
莫家豪 (2011)。金融危机后的东亚“生产主义福利体制”: 基于我国香港和澳门地区的个案研究 = An examination of ″productivist welfare model″ after the financial crisis: The case studies of Hong Kong and Macau。《浙江大学学报 (人文社会科学版)》,41(2),5-16。