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Higher education transformations for global competitiveness : policy responses, social consequences and impact on the academic profession in Asia
Higher Education Policy
  • Ka Ho, Joshua MOK, Hong Kong Institute of Education
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.
  • managing global cities,
  • massification of higher education,
  • labour market,
  • regional education hub,
  • entrepreneurial university

Since the mid-1990s, the pressure of globalization and the pressing demands of a knowledge economy led to a series of educational reforms. The focus of these was the promotion of quality education and massification of higher education. After the Asian financial crisis in 1997, the governments in different parts of Asia have implemented comprehensive reforms to their higher education systems in order to enhance their global competiveness. Confronted with increasing pressure for global university ranking, governments and universities in Asia have tried to adopt different strategies in terms of special funding schemes, and different forms of measures in shaping teaching, learning and research activities to enhance their global ranking. This article sets out against the context briefly outlined above to highlight major higher education transformations for global competitiveness, with particular reference to discuss policy responses, social consequences, and impact on the academic profession in Asia especially when major attention is geared towards the quest for global university ranking among universities in Asia.

Funding Information
The author wants to thank the Research Grant Council of the HKSAR government for providing funding support to conduct the fieldwork and survey in different East Asian countries. Part of the findings reported in the present paper (particularly the discussion on university–enterprise cooperation and academic reflections) is generated from the funded project HKIEd GRF 750210 ‘Fostering Entrepreneurship and Innovation: A Comparative Study of Changing Roles of Universities in East Asia’.
Publisher Statement
Copyright © International Association of Universities 2015
Full-text Version
Publisher’s Version
Citation Information
Mok, K. H. (2015). Higher education transformations for global competitiveness: Policy responses, social consequences and impact on the academic profession in Asia. Higher Education Policy, 28(1), 1-15. doi: 10.1057/hep.2014.27