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中国的高等教育 : 从国家福利到教育的私有化和市场化 = Transnational higher education in Mainland China : from state welfare to marketization and privatization
社会保障研究 = Social Security Studies
  • Ka Ho, Joshua MOK, Hong Kong Institute of Education
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
  • 高等教育,
  • 国家福利,
  • 私有化,
  • 市场化,
  • 城乡分割,
  • higher education,
  • state welfare,
  • privatization,
  • marketization,
  • urban-rural segmentation


In transitional China, the higher education system which was solely financed and delivered by the state can’t meet the increasing demand of higher education. So, Chinese government has introduced the private sector and non-state-owned sector into the higher education, which resulted in the diversity of higher education services. These marketization and privatization reform of higher education has led to the decreasing of governmental financial investment in higher education, the increasing of users’ paying, the dramatically growing of higher education services providers and the enlarging of private and foreign sector’s participation. Meanwhile, it has also resulted in the increasing financial burden for the students, the degrading education performance, and the inequality of higher education chances between rural and urban residents, which has a negative impact on the urban-rural segmentation and social solidarity.

Publisher Statement
Citation Information
莫家豪 (2007)。中国的高等教育: 从国家福利到教育的私有化和市场化 = Transnational higher education in Mainland China: From state welfare to marketization and privatization。《社会保障研究》,(2),124-142。