Systematic approach for modeling methanol mass transport on the anode side of direct methanol fuel cellsInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy (2014)
A systematic method for modeling direct methanol fuel cells, with a focus on the anode side of the system, is advanced for the purpose of quantifying the methanol crossover phenomenon and predicting the concentration of methanol in the anode catalyst layer of a direct methanol fuel cell. The model accounts for fundamental mass transfer phenomena at steady state, including convective transport in the anode flow channel, as well as diffusion and electro-osmotic drag transport across the polymer electrolyte membrane. Experimental measurements of methanol crossover current density are used to identify five modeling parameters according to a systematic parameter estimation methodology. A validation study shows that the model matches the experimental data well, and the usefulness of the model is illustrated through the analysis of effects such as the choice fuel flow rate in the anode flow channel and the presence of carbon-dioxide bubbles.
- Direct methanol fuel cell,
- Methanol transport,
- Methanol crossover,
- DMFC modeling
Publication DateMay 15, 2014
Citation InformationBiswas, M. A. R., Crisalle, O. D., Mudiraj, S. P., & Lear, W. (2014). Systematic approach for modeling methanol mass transport on the anode side of direct methanol fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(15), 8009–8025.