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Prediction of residential building energy consumption: A neural network approach
Energy (2016)
  • M. A. Rafe Biswas, University of Texas at Tyler
  • Nelson Fumo
  • Melvin Robinson, University of Texas at Tyler
Some of the challenges to predict energy utilization has gained recognition in the residential sector due to the significant energy consumption in recent decades. However, the modeling of residential building energy consumption is still underdeveloped for optimal and robust solutions while this research area has become of greater relevance with significant advances in computation and simulation. Such advances include the advent of artificial intelligence research in statistical model development. Artificial neural network has emerged as a key method to address the issue of nonlinearity of building energy data and the robust calculation of large and dynamic data. The development and validation of such models on one of the TxAIRE Research houses has been demonstrated in this paper. The TxAIRE houses have been designed to serve as realistic test facilities for demonstrating new technologies. The input variables used from the house data include number of days, outdoor temperature and solar radiation while the output variables are house and heat pump energy consumption. The models based on Levenberg-Marquardt and OWO-Newton algorithms had promising results of coefficients of determination within 0.87–0.91, which is comparable to prior literature. Further work will be explored to develop a robust model for residential building application.
  • Residential buildingsEnergy consumption modelingNeural network
Publication Date
Fall October 20, 2016
Citation Information
M. A. Rafe Biswas, Nelson Fumo and Melvin Robinson. "Prediction of residential building energy consumption: A neural network approach" Energy (2016)
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