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Atmospheric Observations of Arctic Ocean Methane Emissions Up to 82° North
Nature Geoscience (2012)
  • E. A. Kort, Harvard University
  • Steven C. Wofsy, Harvard University
  • B. C. Daube, Harvard University
  • Minghui Diao, Princeton University
  • J. W. Elkins, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
  • R. S. Gao, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
  • E. J. Hintsa, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
  • D. F. Hurst, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
  • R. Jimenez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • F. L. Moore, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
  • J. R. Spackman, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
  • Mark A. Zondlo, Princeton University
Abstract
Uncertainty in the future atmospheric burden of methane, a potent greenhouse gas1, represents an important challenge to the development of realistic climate projections. The Arctic is home to large reservoirs of methane, in the form of permafrost soils and methane hydrates2, which are vulnerable to destabilization in a warming climate. Furthermore, methane is produced in the surface ocean3 and the surface waters of the Arctic Ocean are supersaturated with respect to methane45. However, the fate of this oceanic methane is uncertain. Here, we use airborne observations of methane to assess methane efflux from the remote Arctic Ocean, up to latitudes of 82°north. We report layers of increased methane concentrations near the surface ocean, with little or no enhancement in carbon monoxide levels, indicative of a non-combustion source. We further show that high methane concentrations are restricted to areas over open leads and regions with fractional sea-ice cover. Based on the observed gradients in methane concentration, we estimate that sea–air fluxes amount to around 2 mg d−1 m−2, comparable to emissions seen on the Siberian shelf. We suggest that the surface waters of the Arctic Ocean represent a potentially important source of methane, which could prove sensitive to changes in sea-ice cover.
Disciplines
Publication Date
April 22, 2012
DOI
10.1038/ngeo1452
Publisher Statement
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Citation Information
E. A. Kort, Steven C. Wofsy, B. C. Daube, Minghui Diao, et al.. "Atmospheric Observations of Arctic Ocean Methane Emissions Up to 82° North" Nature Geoscience Vol. 5 Iss. 5 (2012) p. 318 - 321 ISSN: 1752-0894
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/minghui-diao/7/