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Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: What's Trade Got To Do With It?
IZA Discussion Paper (2016)
  • James Lake, Southern Methodist University
  • Daniel L Millimet
Abstract
Using US local labor markets between 1990 and 2010, we analyze the heterogeneous impact of rising trade exposure on employment growth of 'good' and 'bad' jobs. Three salient findings emerge. First, rising local exposure to import competition, via falling US tariffs or rising Chinese import penetration, reduces (increases) employment growth of bad (good) jobs. Conversely, improved local access to export markets, via falling foreign tariffs, increases (reduces) employment growth of bad (good) jobs. Second, falling US tariff protection is substantially more important, economically and statistically, than rising Chinese import penetration. Third, globalization generates occupational polarization but not job polarization. 
Keywords
  • trade liberalization,
  • China,
  • local labor markets,
  • job polarization,
  • occupational polarization
Publication Date
2016
Citation Information
James Lake and Daniel L Millimet. "Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: What's Trade Got To Do With It?" IZA Discussion Paper (2016)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/millimet/74/