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Stromal Caveolin-1 Is Associated With Response and Survival in a Phase II Trial of nab-Paclitaxel With Carboplatin for Advanced NSCLC Patients.
Clinical Lung Cancer (2015)
  • Miguel A. Villalona Calero, M.D.
In this phase II trial, carboplatin with nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel as first-line therapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was evaluated. Most patients had squamous cell histology. Tumor-associated stromal caveolin-1 (Cav-1) expression was correlated with improved response rate and survival in NSCLC patients who received nab-paclitaxel in this phase II trial. These results suggest Cav-1 might serve as a potential biomarker in this patient population.
The combination of bevacizumab with platinum-based chemotherapy results in greater response rate (RR) and overall survival (OS) in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bevacizumab is contraindicated in patients with squamous histology or hemoptysis. Nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel is a novel formulation of paclitaxel with greater dose tolerance and improved efficacy. We hypothesized that nab-paclitaxel and carboplatin would be superior to alternative doublets in advanced NSCLC patients ineligible for bevacizumab.
We conducted a single-arm phase II trial (NCT00729612) with carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel on day 1 of a 21-day cycle to evaluate RR (primary end point), safety, toxicity, and OS. Eligibility included: squamous histology, hemoptysis, or ongoing anticoagulation. Correlative studies included immunohistochemistry for secreted protein acid rich in cysteine (SPARC) and caveolin-1 (Cav-1).
Sixty-three patients were enrolled. Most patients had squamous cell carcinoma (n = 48); other reasons for eligibility included hemoptysis (n = 11) and anticoagulation (n = 2). Toxicity Grade ≥ 3/4 included neuropathy, cytopenias, and fatigue. RR was 38% (24 partial response/0 complete response); 20 patients had stable disease (32%). Median progression-free survival was 5 months and median OS was 9.7 months. Immunohistochemistry for SPARC and Cav-1 was performed in 38 and 37 patients respectively. Although no association was found for SPARC expression in tumor or stroma with RR or OS, we found that higher Cav-1 levels in tumor-associated stroma was associated with improved RR and OS.
Carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel every 21 days demonstrated promising efficacy with tolerable toxicity in NSCLC patients ineligible for bevacizumab therapy. Further analysis and validation of Cav-1 and SPARC expression in tumor and stromal compartments as prognostic and/or predictive biomarkers of NSCLC or nab-paclitaxel treatment is warranted.
Publication Date
November, 2015
Citation Information
Miguel A. Villalona Calero. "Stromal Caveolin-1 Is Associated With Response and Survival in a Phase II Trial of nab-Paclitaxel With Carboplatin for Advanced NSCLC Patients." Clinical Lung Cancer Vol. 16 Iss. 6 (2015) p. 466 - 474
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