Phase II study of sequentially administered low-dose mitomycin-C (MMC) and irinotecan (CPT-11) in women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).Annals of Oncology (2008)
Preclinical studies show that mitomycin-C (MMC) followed by irinotecan (CPT-11) is synergistic. Therefore, we evaluated the toxicity and efficacy of sequentially administered low-dose MMC and CPT-11 in patients (pts) with pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Secondary objective was to evaluate the correlation between MMC-induced topoisomerase I (TOPO I) expression and NAD(P)H:quinone oxireductase 1 (NQO1) genotypes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and efficacy or toxicity of the regimen.
Thirty-two pts received MMC i.v. 6 mg/m(2) day 1 and CPT-11 i.v. 125 mg/m(2) days 2 and 8 every 28 days for maximum of six cycles. TOPO I expression and NQO1 reductase genotyping in 23 of 32 (72%) pts were assayed by PCR.
The median time to progression (TTP) was 4.7 months (95% confidence interval 4.0-5.4 months). TOPO I expression was increased 5- to 10-fold and 20- to 30-fold in PBMC at 24 and 168 h, respectively. There was no relationship between these markers and efficacy or toxicity of the regimen.
Sequential low-dose MMC and CPT-11 was active and tolerable by pretreated MBC pts. Future trials should focus on less pretreated MBC pts and sequential tumor biopsies to test the hypothesis that increased intratumoral expression of TOPO I is related to efficacy.
Publication DateAugust, 2008
Citation InformationMiguel A. Villalona Calero. "Phase II study of sequentially administered low-dose mitomycin-C (MMC) and irinotecan (CPT-11) in women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC)." Annals of Oncology Vol. 19 Iss. 8 (2008) p. 1417 - 1422
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/miguel-villalonacalero/48/