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Mitomycin as a modulator of irinotecan anticancer activity.
Oncology (2002)
  • Miguel A. Villalona Calero, M.D.
Irinotecan and mitomycin (Mutamycin) possess significant single-agent activity against several tumor types, and mitomycin activates topoisomerase I, the cellular target of irinotecan. We conducted a phase I dose-escalation study of irinotecan and mitomycin in 37 evaluable patients with solid tumors. Antitumor responses included 2 complete responses, 5 partial responses, 10 minor responses, and a CA 19-9 tumor marker response. Responders included 14 patients previously treated with chemotherapy for metastatic disease. No pharmacokinetic interaction between mitomycin and irinotecan was apparent when these agents were given 24 hours apart. Responders (complete and partial responses) demonstrated the largest topoisomerase I induction 24 hours following mitomycin infusion. In addition, since maximum topoisomerase I up-regulation was reached 24 hours after administration of mitomycin, a delay in the administration of irinotecan after mitomycin appeared justified. Based on these encouraging phase I data, phase II clinical trials in breast and esophageal/gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinomas at the recommended doses and schedule are under way.
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Miguel A. Villalona Calero. "Mitomycin as a modulator of irinotecan anticancer activity." Oncology Vol. 16 Iss. 8 supp (2002) p. 21 - 25
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