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'n Evaluering van die Semantiese inligting in die "Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse taal/An evaluation of the Semantic information in the "Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse taal (Stellenbosch University)
(1990)
  • Michele Van Der Merwe, Cape Peninsula University of Technology
Abstract

An evaluation of semantic information in a dictionary must take into account all aspects of meaning of lexical items.Therefore the different homonyms and polysemous senses of lexical items and the underlying semantic relations between lexical items are accounted for. A description should be given of the lexical items which form the macrostructure of HAT.These lexical items include sublexical, multilexical and free lexical items.The treatment of multilexical items in HAT is not satisfactory at present and suggestions are made for the improvement of the situation. Possible solutions for distinguishing between homonymy and polysemy are given.Suggestions to determine the possible polysemous senses of a lexical item are also made. The ordering of polysemous senses and different homonyms are discussed.It is essential to make use of a synchronic criterion to distinguish between homonymy and polysemy. The HAT's treatment of semanic relations between lexical items is not always very successful.The semantic relation which receives the most substantial treatment is that of semantic inclusion between lexical items.The HAT's treatment of synonyms is not without problems. More attention should be given to semantic linking and semantic opposition between lexical items. An evaluation of the system of cross-reference in HAT is given, with special reference to the function of cross-references.Some times indistinct typographical conventions are used and they confuse the user of the dictionary.The indistinct use of typographical conventions has a detrimental influence on the transfer of information.The cross-reference system of HAT can be improved by an informative explanation in the general introduction, focusing on ways and means to use it more specifically, unambiguously and consistently. A distinction is made between various types of definitions used to define lemmas.Well known lexicographic definitions such as definitions per genus et differentia, synonym definitions, example definitions, circular definitions and descriptive definitions are discussed. The usage definition and two definitions which explicate a semantic plus value, the contrast and diminutive definitions, are identified. Attention is also given to the role of the general introduction in a standard synchronic dictionary.Suggestions are made to improve the general introduction of HAT.

Keywords
  • Afrikaans language,
  • Semantics
Publication Date
1990
Citation Information
Michele Van Der Merwe. "'n Evaluering van die Semantiese inligting in die "Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse taal/An evaluation of the Semantic information in the "Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse taal (Stellenbosch University)" (1990)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/michelle_vandermerwe/19/