Skip to main content
An Examination of Government Policies for E-Learning in New Zealand’s Secondary Schools
Education Faculty Publications
  • Allison Powell, International Association for K-12 Online Learning
  • Michael K Barbour, Sacred Heart University
Document Type
Publication Date
In 2006 the North American Council for Online Learning surveyed the activity and policy relating to primary and secondary e-learning, which they defined as online learning, in a selection of countries. They found most were embracing e-learning delivery of education as a central strategy for enabling reform, modernising schools, and increasing access to high-quality education. While North American countries appeared to be using the internet as a medium to provide distance education at the secondary level longer than most countries, the lack of a guiding vision has created uneven opportunities for students depending on which state or province they live in. In New Zealand, the government has sought to provide a vision or guiding framework for the development of e-learning. In this article we trace that vision by describing three policy documents released by the New Zealand government over the past decade, and how that vision for e-learning has allowed increased development of primary and secondary online learning.

Powell, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2011). An examination of government policies for e-learning in New Zealand’s secondary schools. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 15 (1), 75-89. Retrieved from

Citation Information
Allison Powell and Michael K Barbour. "An Examination of Government Policies for E-Learning in New Zealand’s Secondary Schools" (2011)
Available at: