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Understanding Affect, Stress, and Well-being within a Self-regulation Framework
Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being (2013)
  • Michael D. Howe, Michigan State University
  • Chu-Hsiang (Daisy) Chang, Michigan State University
  • Russell E. Johnson, Michigan State University
Abstract
Research on self-regulation has tended to focus on goal-related performance, with limited attention paid to individuals' affect and the role it plays during the goal-striving process. In this chapter we discuss three mechanisms to integrate affect within a control theory-based selfregulation framework, and how such integrations inform future research concerning employee stress and well-being. Specifically, affect can be viewed as a result of velocity made toward one's desired states at work. Fast progress results in positive affect, which enhances employee wellbeing and reduces the detrimental effects associated with exposure to occupational stressors. On the other hand, slow or no progress elicits negative affect, which induces employee distress. Second, affect can also be considered an input of self-regulation, such that employees are required to regulate their emotional displays at work. Employees who perform emotional labor compare their actual emotional display against the desired display prescribed by display rules. Third, affect can function as a situational disturbance, altering employees' perceptions or assessments of the input, comparator, and output for other self-regulatory processes. © 2013 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.
Publication Date
2013
DOI
10.1108/S1479-3555(2013)0000011005
Citation Information
Michael D. Howe, Chu-Hsiang (Daisy) Chang and Russell E. Johnson. "Understanding Affect, Stress, and Well-being within a Self-regulation Framework" Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being Vol. 11 (2013) p. 1 - 50
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/michael-howe/1/