Skip to main content
Contribution to Book
The California Geographer and the OA Movement: Using the Green OA Institutional Repository as a Publishing Platform
Library Publishing Toolkit (2013)
  • Michael Biondo, South Dakota State University
  • Andrew Weiss
Publishing in open access has been largely dominated by Gold OA
journals. Publication in these journals, which in some cases have
developed as the leading scholarly journals in their respective
disciplines, provides immediate dissemination of information, a greater
likelihood of citations for authors, and costs less than traditional publishing
venues (Wagner, 2010). Lesk (2012) estimates that publisher Elsevier spends
about $10,000 per article published, while the Public Library of Science
(PLoS), a prominent Gold OA journal, spends only about $1,500 per article.
PLoS’ fee-based approach is a vital part of the open access movement even
as it erects economic obstacles for researchers who lack sufficient funding to pay publishing fees. Total costs are clearly cheaper than their traditional counterparts, but those
costs are essentially shifted from readers onto authors.
On the other side of the OA movement, Green open access repositories have traditionally
been used for gathering previously published scholarly materials—usually pre-prints, postprints,
and the occasional final version from compliant publishers. Yet one recent strategy of
institutional repositories has been to move away from being passive gatherers of self-archived
content to becoming active promoters of new scholarship, especially in the creation of Webbased
journals. This is occurring at significantly reduced costs as well. Cornell University’s
Arxiv, for example spends approximately $7 per article to gather work in physics, mathematics,
computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, and statistics (Lesk, 2012). Peer
review and other services still remain the responsibility of the journals.
The California State University, Northridge (CSUN) has joined this growing movement
by providing space in its open access institutional repository, ScholarWorks, for The California
Geographer, a journal currently edited by CSUN faculty. From May 2012 to April 2013, CSUN
ScholarWorks, based on the open source IR software DSpace, has grown from roughly 200 items
to nearly 2,200 (California, 2013). Growth has been evenly distributed between ETDs, which
were mandated in May 2012, faculty publications, and several campus-based open access
journals, including the English Department’s student journal, a journal of Chicana/o studies,
newsletters and pamphlets in the Biology Department, and The California Geographer.
  • Open access publishing,
  • California Geographical Society,
  • library publishing,
  • digitization
Publication Date
July, 2013
Allison P. Brown
IDS Project Press
Publisher Statement
This complete Library Publishing Toolkit can be found here:

Citation Information
Michael Biondo and Andrew Weiss. "The California Geographer and the OA Movement: Using the Green OA Institutional Repository as a Publishing Platform" Library Publishing Toolkit (2013) p. 207 - 214
Available at:
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-SA International License.