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Outcomes from the Components of an Outward Bound Experience
Journal of Experiential Education
  • Marni Goldenberg, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
  • Leo McAvoy, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
  • David B. Klenosky, Purdue University - Main Campus
Publication Date
Means-end theory provides a useful approach for characterizing the relationship among the attributes or components of an experiential education course (the "means"), the benefits, or the outcomes associated with these attributes/course components, and the personal values (the "ends") these outcomes help to reinforce for course participants. The purpose of this article is to show how this "means-end" perspective can enhance our understanding of the outcomes associated with outdoor adventure programming. A self-administered questionnaire designed to identify the linkages among program attributes (i.e., course components), course outcomes, and personal values was administered to a sample of 216 Outward Bound course participants. Analysis of the data provided useful insights into the outcomes associated with Outward Bound course experiences and with specific course components. The results can assist experiential educators in linking outdoor adventure course outcomes to course components, and in marketing course programs to potential clients.
Citation Information
Marni Goldenberg, Leo McAvoy and David B. Klenosky. "Outcomes from the Components of an Outward Bound Experience" Journal of Experiential Education Vol. 28 Iss. 2 (2005) p. 123 - 146
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