Population substructure and hybridization, among other factors, have the poten-tial to cause erroneous associations in linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping. Two closely related spotted gum eucalypts, Corymbia variegata and C. henryi (Myrta-ceae) occur in sympatry in the east coast of Australia and potentially interbreed. They are morphologically similar but are distinguished as separate species based on capsule and foliage size. To determine whether they hybridize in nature and its implications for LD mapping, we investigated the level of molecular diver-gence between the two species at two sympatric locations separated by 300 kilometres. Very few individuals of intermediate morphology were identified, de-spite the two species occurring only metres apart. Analysis of genetic structure using 12 microsatellite loci showed that genetic differentiation between popu-lations of the same species at different locations (FST = 0.07 for both species; p = 0.0001) was significantly higher than that observed between species at each location (mean FST = 0.02 and 0.04 for Cherry tree and Bunyaville respectively; p = 0.0001; all Mann-Whitney U-test p ≤ 0.01). No species-specific alleles or significant allele frequency differences were detected within a site, suggesting recurrent local gene flow between the two species. The lack of significant allele frequency differences implies no population stratification along taxonomic lines. This suggested that there is little concern for cryptic hybridization when sampling from sites of sympatry for LD mapping.
Ochieng, JW, Shepherd, M, Baverstock, PR, Nikles, DG, Lee, DJ & Henry, RJ 2008, 'Genetic variation within two sympatric spotted gum eucalypts exceeds between taxa variation', Silvae Genetica, vol. 57, no. 4-5, pp. 249-256.