Skip to main content
The nursing outcomes taxonomy: development and coding
Journal of nursing care quality
  • Sue Moorhead, University of Iowa
  • B. Head
  • M. Johnson
  • Meridean Maas, University of Iowa
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
J Nurs Care Qual
PubMed ID
Interest in the theoretical knowledgebase of nursing has increased over the last 25 years and has led to the current interest in middle-range theory development to describe the essence of nursing. This article describes the creation of a three-level taxonomy and coding structure for the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) based on methods developed by the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) work. A model is presented depicting the importance of standardized nursing diagnoses, interventions, and outcomes in the development of the substantive component of nursing practice and to enable nurses to be accountable for care of their clients.
  • Abstracting and Indexing as Topic/standards,
  • Cluster Analysis,
  • Focus Groups,
  • Humans,
  • Models,
  • Nursing,
  • Nursing Care/classification/standards,
  • Nursing Diagnosis/classification/standards,
  • Outcome Assessment (Health Care)/classification,
  • Reproducibility of Results,
  • Terminology as Topic,
  • United States,
  • Vocabulary,
  • Controlled
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of nursing care quality, 12:6 (1998) pp.56-63.
Citation Information
Sue Moorhead, B. Head, M. Johnson and Meridean Maas. "The nursing outcomes taxonomy: development and coding" Journal of nursing care quality Vol. 12 Iss. 6 (1998) p. 56 - 63 ISSN: 1057-3631
Available at: