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Exploring nursing students smartphone use in the clinical setting
MEDSURG (2019)
  • Danice Greer
  • Melinda Hermanns
  • W. Abel
  • T. Njoki
In 1997, communications company Ericsson coined the term smartphone (McCarty, 2011). Ever since, software developers have created apps that provide smartphone users with instant access to entertainment, music, and information, including medical resources for patients and clinicians. As of March 2017, 2.8 million apps were available at Google play store and 2.2 million apps in the Apple app store as the two leading app stores in the world (Statistica, 2018). The use of mobile technology is growing rapidly. Reports by Perrin (2017) and the Pew Research Center (2018) indicated nearly 95% of Americans now own a mobile phone. In addition, 1 in 10 American adults own a smartphone but do not have traditional home broadband service, meaning they rely on their smartphones for nontraditional uses, such as job searches, mobile dating apps, e-book access, and shopping. According to Business Intelligence Strategy (BIS, 2018a), a global market intelligence, research, and advisory company that focuses on emerging trends in technology, the most widely used mobile medical apps allow users to track their fitness, wellness, and nutrition, and to manage chronic diseases. BIS reports some of the most downloaded medical apps in a clinical setting are Epocrates, PEPID, UptoDate, Med scape, and Doximity. As apps and technology evolve, vital components of healthcare delivery will be impacted along with the educational preparation of healthcare providers. With this vast onset of technology, nursing students use smartphones in the clinical setting as a resource for drug referencing and medical information (Johansson, Petersson, Saveman, & Nilsson, 2014), and for communication with family and friends (Cho & Lee, 2016). Of the limited smartphone research that included advanced practice nurses, a descriptive study of smartphone use to answer clinical questions showed 79% (n=41) of participants answered drug therapy questions using their smartphones (Grabowsky, 2015). As they play an increasingly important role in health care (Thomairy, Mum maneni, Alsalamah, Moussa, & Coustasse, 2015), smartphones and apps should be integrated into nursing education (Day-Black, 2015).
  • Nursing,
  • Smartphones,
  • Clinical
Publication Date
Citation Information
Danice Greer, Melinda Hermanns, W. Abel and T. Njoki. "Exploring nursing students smartphone use in the clinical setting" MEDSURG Vol. 28 Iss. 3 (2019) p. 163 - 182
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