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Soil Drying Effects on Spatial Variability of Soil Hardpan Attributes on Pacolet Sandy Loam Soil
Transactions of the ASABE (2009)
  • Mehari Zewde Tekeste, University of Georgia
  • Randy L. Raper, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Eric B. Schwab, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Lynne Seymour, University of Georgia
Soil hardpans found in many of the southeastern U.S. soils reduce crop yields by restricting the root growth. Site-specific soil compaction management to alleviate this problem requires determination of the spatial variability and mapping of soil hardpans. The objective of this study was to determine the spatial variability of soil hardpan as influenced by soil moisture. Geo-referenced soil cone index measurements were taken in 200 grid cells (10 m × 10 m grid cell size) on Pacolet sandy loam soil (fine, kaolinitic, thermic Typic Kanhapludults) in Auburn, Alabama, on 29 June and 25 August 2004, representing "wet" and "dry" soil measurement dates. Core samples were also taken in 5 cm depth increments up to a depth of 65 cm for soil moisture and bulk density determinations. Statistical and geostatistical methods were used for the data analysis. In the 0-35 cm depth, the soil moisture had dried significantly by 25 August 2004 (dry) as compared to the soil moisture on 29 June 2004 (wet; P < 0.0001). An isotropic spherical semivariogram model best fit the semivariances of the peak cone index for wet (R2 = 0.98) and dry (R2 = 0.97) soil conditions. Soil drying increased the peak cone index and the maximum semivariance value (sill). Small but statistically significant differences (P < 0.0001) were also observed on the depth to the peak cone index as the soil dried in the 0-35 cm depth. In the dry soil condition, the semivariances of the depth to the peak cone index were nearly constant over the separation distances, suggesting that the depth to the hardpan did not exhibit substantial spatial dependence.
  • Bulk density,
  • Cone index,
  • Hardpan,
  • Semivariogram,
  • Soil compaction,
  • Soil moisture
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Citation Information
Mehari Zewde Tekeste, Randy L. Raper, Eric B. Schwab and Lynne Seymour. "Soil Drying Effects on Spatial Variability of Soil Hardpan Attributes on Pacolet Sandy Loam Soil" Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 52 Iss. 3 (2009) p. 69 - 705
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