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The Consolidation of Polyarchy in Bolivia, 1985-1997
Midwest Political Science Association (1999)
  • Miguel Centellas, Western Michigan University
This paper measures the process of democratization in Bolivia from 1985 to 1998 using polyarchy as an operational definition of democracy. This quality of democracy is measured using a model developed by Altman and Pérez-Liñán (1998) which considers effective opposition and effective competition in a political system. Bolivia has elected four governments since 1985. This paper measures each regime for the quality of its democracy using the Altman and Pérez-Liñán varia- bles. Bolivia’s political system is unique in that it rests on a semi-presidential, semi-parliamentary system while its constitution provides for institutionalized inter-party, postelectoral bargaining. The paper uses quantitative measurements of the quality of Bolivian democracy to discuss and ex- plain the ongoing democratization process. Since 1985, Bolivian democracy has consolidated as it moved from a fragmented to a moderated political system. The political system is now stable and firmly planted while allowing flexibility along the party-coalition dimension.
Publication Date
April, 1999
Citation Information
Miguel Centellas. "The Consolidation of Polyarchy in Bolivia, 1985-1997" Midwest Political Science Association (1999)
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