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Contribution to Book
Arbib, Ydlibi and Suru (Hakuri): Three Arabic Script Watermarks in Northern Nigerian Manuscripts (end 19th-beginning 20th century)
The Trade in Papers Marked with Non-Latin Characters/Le commerce des papiers a marques a caracteres non-latins (2018)
  • Michaelle Biddle
Abstract
Three watermarks with Arabic script have been found in Arabic script manuscripts written in northern Nigeria:
1. “BENIAMINO ARBIB Yā Naṣīb”, “Yā Naṣīb” in Arabic (‘O fate, O fortune or O destiny’)—c.1889–c.1919;
2. “A.YDLIBI 3 Brazil Street Manchester‘Abd [a]l-Ġanī Idlibī”, “‘Abd [a]l-Ġanī Idlibī” in Arabic script—early twentieth century, possibly 1921;
3. Yoruba phrase written in Arabic script (‘Aǧamī)— “SÙRÙ LÓGÙN AIYE” inside a wooden slate or writing board flanked by “REGISTERED TRADEMARK”, traditionally interpreted as Hausa ‘Aǧamī  “Hakurī Māġanī Dūnyā” - 1908-1932.
All three of these marks appear on machine-made paper. This article describes how these marks were made and discusses the sources, dates and characteristics of each of these papers as well as the changing political landscape of the nineteenth and early twentieth century that impacted traditional trade routes.
Keywords
  • watermarks,
  • Arabic Script,
  • Nigeria
Publication Date
Summer 2018
Editor
Anne Regourd
Publisher
Brill
Series
Islamic Manuscripts and Books
ISBN
978-90-04-35740-2
Citation Information
Michaelle Biddle. "Arbib, Ydlibi and Suru (Hakuri): Three Arabic Script Watermarks in Northern Nigerian Manuscripts (end 19th-beginning 20th century)" Leiden/BostonThe Trade in Papers Marked with Non-Latin Characters/Le commerce des papiers a marques a caracteres non-latins Vol. 15 (2018) p. 11 - 33
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mbiddle/29/