Lifestyle, Anthropometric, and Obesity-Related Physiologic Determinants of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994).pdfAnnals of Epidemiology (2010)
PURPOSE: Epidemiologic studies suggest that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is associated with obesity and, more recently, cancer. This study investigates multiple lifestyle, physiologic, and anthropometric determinants of circulating IGF-1 concentrations.
METHODS: Nationally representative data were used from the cross-sectional Third National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES III, 1988–1994) survey, which measured IGF-1 concentrations in blood, from a subsample of participants who were examined in the morning. After exclusion of persons with missing data, 6,058 men and women 20 years of age or older were included in the study.
RESULTS: The mean IGF-1 concentrations were 260 ng/mL in the entire population and were higher among men as compared with women (278.8 vs. 241.3 ng/mL; p!0.0001). IGF-1 decreased with
increasing age (p!0.0001), body mass index (p!0.0001), and waist circumference (p!0.0001). Individuals with metabolic syndrome had lower IGF-1 concentrations after adjustment for covariates (pZ0.0008). IGF-1 was inversely associated with increasing number of metabolic syndrome abnormalities (pZ0.0008). All associations were stronger among women compared with men except across concentrations of glucose. IGF-1 concentrations did not vary by any other lifestyle or physiologic factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Age, adiposity, hyperglycemia, and metabolic syndrome influenced circulating IGF-1 concentrations. Diet and physical activity had no impact on IGF-1 in this nationally representative population.
- Insulin Resistance,
- Metabolic Syndrome
Citation InformationNiyati Parekh, Calpurnyia B. Roberts, Maya Vadiveloo, Thanusha Puvananayagam, et al.. "Lifestyle, Anthropometric, and Obesity-Related Physiologic Determinants of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994).pdf" Annals of Epidemiology Vol. 20 Iss. 3 (2010) p. 182 - 193 ISSN: 1047-2797
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/maya-vadiveloo/5/