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Unpublished Paper
The Mass Evolution of the First Galaxies: Stellar mass Functions and Star Formation Rates at 4 < z < 7 in the CANDELS GOODS-South Field
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
  • K. Duncan
  • C.J. Conselice
  • A. Mortlock
  • W.G. Hartley
  • Y. Guo
  • H.C. Ferguson
  • R. Dave
  • Y. Lu
  • J. Ownsworth
  • M.L.N. Ashby
  • A. Dekel
  • M. Dickinson
  • S. Faber
  • Mauro Giavalisco, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • N. Grogin
  • D. Kocevski
  • A. Koekemoer
  • R.S. Somerville
  • C.E. White
Abstract
We measure new estimates for the galaxy stellar mass function and star formation rates for samples of galaxies at z ~ 4; 5; 6 & 7 using data in the CANDELS GOODS South-field. The deep near-infrared observations allow us to construct the stellar mass function at z > 6 directly for the first time. We estimate stellar masses for our sample by fitting the observed spectral energy distributions with synthetic stellar populations, including nebular line and continuum emission. The observed UV luminosity functions for the samples are consistent with previous observations, however we find that the observed MUV - M_ relation has a shallow slope more consistent with a constant mass to light ratio and a normalisation which evolves with redshift. Our stellar mass functions have steep low-mass slopes (α ~-1.9), steeper than previously observed at these redshifts and closer to that of the UV luminosity function. Integrating our new mass functions, we find the observed stellar mass density evolves from log10 p = 6:64+0:58-0:89 at z ~ 7 to 7:36+/-0:06 M_Mpc􀀀3 at z ~ 4. Finally, combining the measured UV continuum slopes (β) with their rest-frame UV luminosities, we calculate dust corrected star-formation rates (SFR) for our sample. We find the specific star-formation rate for a fixed stellar mass increases with redshift whilst the global SFR density falls rapidly over this period. Our new SFR density estimates are higher than previously observed at this redshift.
Keywords
  • galaxies: formation,
  • galaxies: evolution,
  • galaxies: high-redshift,
  • galaxies: luminosity function,
  • mass function
Publication Date
2014
Comments
Prepublished version from ArXiv. Published version is located at http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org/content/444/3/2960.abstract
Citation Information
K. Duncan, C.J. Conselice, A. Mortlock, W.G. Hartley, et al.. "The Mass Evolution of the First Galaxies: Stellar mass Functions and Star Formation Rates at 4 &lt; z &lt; 7 in the CANDELS GOODS-South Field" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mauro_giavalisco/78/