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What turns galaxies off? The different morphologies of star-forming and quiescent galaxies since z~2 from CANDELS
The Astrophysical Journal (2011)
  • Eric F. Bell
  • Arjen van der Wel
  • Casey Papovich
  • Dale Kocevski
  • Jennifer Lotz
  • Daniel H. McIntosh
  • Jeyhan Kartaltepe
  • S. M. Faber
  • Harry Ferguson
  • Anton Koekemoer
  • Norman Grogin
  • Stijn Wuyts
  • Edmond Cheung
  • Christopher J. Conselice
  • Avishai Dekel
  • James S. Dunlop
  • Mauro Giavalisco, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • Mauro Giavalisco
  • Jessica Herrington
  • David C. Koo
  • Elizabeth J. McGrath
  • Duilia De Mello
  • Hans-Walter Rix
  • Aday R. Robaina
  • Christina C. Williams
We use HST/WFC3 imaging from the CANDELS Multicycle Treasury Survey, in conjunction with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, to explore the evolution of galactic structure for galaxies with stellar masses >3e10M_sun from z=2.2 to the present epoch, a time span of 10Gyr. We explore the relationship between rest-frame optical color, stellar mass, star formation activity and galaxy structure. We confirm the dramatic increase from z=2.2 to the present day in the number density of non-star-forming galaxies above 3e10M_sun reported by others. We further find that the vast majority of these quiescent systems have concentrated light profiles, as parametrized by the Sersic index, and the population of concentrated galaxies grows similarly rapidly. We examine the joint distribution of star formation activity, Sersic index, stellar mass, inferred velocity dispersion, and stellar surface density. Quiescence correlates poorly with stellar mass at all z<2.2. Quiescence correlates well with Sersic index at all redshifts. Quiescence correlates well with `velocity dispersion' and stellar surface density at z>1.3, and somewhat less well at lower redshifts. Yet, there is significant scatter between quiescence and galaxy structure: while the vast majority of quiescent galaxies have prominent bulges, many of them have significant disks, and a number of bulge-dominated galaxies have significant star formation. Noting the rarity of quiescent galaxies without prominent bulges, we argue that a prominent bulge (and perhaps, by association, a supermassive black hole) is an important condition for quenching star formation on galactic scales over the last 10Gyr, in qualitative agreement with the AGN feedback paradigm.
  • galaxies: elliptical and lenticular,
  • cD,
  • galaxies: structure,
  • galaxies: evolution,
  • galaxies: general
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This paper was harvested from and ArXiv identifier is arXiv:1110.3786
Citation Information
Eric F. Bell, Arjen van der Wel, Casey Papovich, Dale Kocevski, et al.. "What turns galaxies off? The different morphologies of star-forming and quiescent galaxies since z~2 from CANDELS" The Astrophysical Journal (2011)
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