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Assessment of Coach Emotions (ACE) observation coding system: Development and preliminary findings
2014 National Coaching Conference
  • Veronica Allan, Queen's University
  • Jennifer Turnnidge, Queen's University
  • Matthew Vierimaa, Utah State University
  • Jean Côté, Queen's University
Document Type
SHAPE America
Washington, DC
Publication Date

Current research on emotions in sport focuses heavily on athletes’ intrapersonal emotion regulation; however, interpersonal consequences of emotion regulation are garnering recent attention. As leaders in sport, coaches have the opportunity to regulate not only their own emotions, but also those of athletes, officials, and spectators. As such, the present study set out to develop an observational tool, demonstrating evidence of validity and reliability, for measuring coaches’ overt emotions in the youth sport context. Categories were derived and refined through extensive literature and video review, resulting in 12 categories of behavioural content and eight emotion modifiers (Neutral, Happy, Affectionate, Alert, Tense, Anxious, Angry and Disappointed). The final coding system is presented herein, complete with supporting evidence for validity and reliability. As a tool for both researchers and practitioners in sport, the Assessment of Coach Emotions (ACE) offers enhanced insight into the contextual qualities underlying coaches’ interactive behaviours.

Citation Information
Allan, V., Turnnidge, J., Vierimaa, M., & Côté, J. (June 2014). Assessment of Coach Emotions (ACE) observation coding system: Development and preliminary findings. Poster presented at the National Coaching Conference. SHAPE America. Washington, DC, USA.