Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Does Not Improve Disease-Specific Survival in Elderly Patients with Intermediate Thickness MelanomaUMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
Start Date20-5-2014 12:30 PM
DescriptionObjective: To determine whether sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is associated with improved disease-specific survival among elderly patients with intermediate-thickness melanoma Design: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively-maintained tumor registry Setting: Single institution tertiary care center. P atients: Adults ≥ 70 years of age, who underwent surgical intervention for melanoma from 2000-2013. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Other clinicopathologic variables measured included age, gender, anatomic site, histologic type, tumor thickness, presence of adverse features, receipt and result of SLNB, and receipt of completion lymph node dissection (CLND). Results: Ninety-one patients (mean age 80 years, 54% male) underwent wide excision of an intermediate-thickness melanoma. Forty-nine patients (54%) received a SLNB. Seven of these biopsies (14%) were positive, and five patients (71%) went on to receive CLND. Five-year OS was 41% in patients who did not receive SLNB and 52% in patients who did receive SLNB (Fig. 1A). However, 5-year DFS was 79% in patients who did not receive SLNB and 77% in patients who did receive SLNB (Fig. 1B). Conclusions: Among elderly patients with intermediate-thickness melanoma, patients who received SLNB had higher 5-year OS than those who did not receive SLNB. However, the 5-year DFS is similar between the two groups, which suggests that the OS differences are related to non-melanoma factors. Routine SLNB for intermediate-thickness melanoma patients may not significantly change the outcome for this age group, and clinical decision-making should consider individual patient comorbidities and goals of care.
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Citation InformationKate H. Dinh, Mary E. Maloney, Dori Goldberg, April Deng, et al.. "Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Does Not Improve Disease-Specific Survival in Elderly Patients with Intermediate Thickness Melanoma" (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mary_maloney/51/