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Article
Understanding multifactorial influences on the continuum of maternal weight trajectories in pregnancy and early postpartum: study protocol, and participant baseline characteristics
Open Access Articles
  • Tiffany A. Moore Simas, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Silvia Corvera, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Mary M. Lee, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Ningning Zhang, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Katherine Leung, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Barbara C. Olendzki, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Bruce A. Barton, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Milagros C. Rosal, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Program in Molecular Medicine; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center
Date
3-28-2015
Document Type
Article
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Maternal and offspring immediate and long-term health are affected by pregnancy weight gain and maternal weight. This study was designed to determine feasibility of: 1) recruiting a socio-economically and racially/ethnically diverse sample of pregnant women into a longitudinal observational study, including consenting the women for serial biologic specimen evaluations; 2) implementing comprehensive assessments (including biologic, anthropometric, behavioral, cognitive/psychosocial and socio-demographic, and cultural measures) at multiple time points over the study period, including collecting biologic specimens at planned and unplanned pregnancy delivery times; and 3) retaining the sample for one year into the postpartum period. Additionally, the study will provide preliminary data of associations among hypothesized predictors, mediators and moderators of pregnancy and post-partum maternal and infant weight trajectories. The study was conceptualized under a Biopsychosocial Model using a lifespan approach. Study protocol and baseline characteristics are described. METHODS/DESIGN: We sought to recruit a sample of 100 healthy women age 18-45 years, between 28-34 weeks gestation, with singleton pregnancies, enrolled in care prior to 17 weeks gestation. Women provide written consent for face-to-face (medical history, anthropometrics, biologic specimens), and paper-and-pencil assessments, at five time points: baseline (third trimester), delivery-associated, and 6-weeks, 3-months and 6-months postpartum. Additional telephone-based assessments (diet, physical activity and breastfeeding) administered baseline and three-months postpartum. Infant weights are collected until 1-year of life. We seek to retain 80% of participants at six-months postpartum and 80% of offspring at 12-months. 110 women were recruited. Sample characteristics include: mean age 28.3 years, BMI 25.7 kg/m(2), and gestational age at baseline visit of 32.5 weeks. One-third of cohort was non-white, over a quarter were Latina, and almost a quarter were non-US born. The cohort majority was multigravida, had graduated high school and/or had higher levels of education, and worked outside the home. DISCUSSION: Documentation of study feasibility and preliminary data for theory-driven hypothesis of maternal and child factors associated with weight trajectories will support future large scale longitudinal studies of risk and protective factors for maternal and child health. This research will also inform intervention targets facilitating healthy maternal and child weight.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Mar 28;15:71. doi: 10.1186/s12884-015-0490-7. Link to article on publisher's site
Comments

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
25885002
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Citation Information
Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Silvia Corvera, Mary M. Lee, Ningning Zhang, et al.. "Understanding multifactorial influences on the continuum of maternal weight trajectories in pregnancy and early postpartum: study protocol, and participant baseline characteristics" Vol. 15 (2015) ISSN: 1471-2393 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mary_lee/85/