Skip to main content
Farm residence and reproductive health among boys in rural South Africa
Lee Lab Publications
  • Rene Glynnis English, University of Cape Town
  • Melissa Perry, The George Washington University
  • Mary M. Lee, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Elaine Hoffman, Harvard School of Public Health
  • Steven Delport, University of Cape Town
  • Mohamed Agiel Dalvie, University of Cape Town
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics; Department of Cell and Developmental Biology
Publication Date
Document Type
Pesticides; Agrochemicals; Agriculture; Male; Child; Reproductive Health; South Africa

BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated reproductive health effects of contemporary agricultural pesticides in boys.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between pesticide exposure and reproductive health of boys.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in rural South Africa of boys living on and off farms. The study included a questionnaire (demographics, general and reproductive health, phyto-estrogen intake, residential history, pesticide exposures, exposures during pregnancy); and a physical examination that included sexual maturity development ratings; testicular volume; height, weight, body mass index; and sex hormone concentrations.

RESULTS: Among the 269 boys recruited into the study, 177 (65.8%) were categorized as farm (high pesticide exposures) and 98 (34.2%) as non-farm residents (lower pesticide exposures). Median ages of the two groups were 11.3 vs 12.0 years, respectively (p

DOI of Published Version
Environ Int. 2012 Oct 15;47:73-9. Epub 2012 Jul 6. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
Citation Information
Rene Glynnis English, Melissa Perry, Mary M. Lee, Elaine Hoffman, et al.. "Farm residence and reproductive health among boys in rural South Africa" Vol. 47 (2012) ISSN: 0160-4120 (Linking)
Available at: