Enantiomer of the novel flexible heteroarotinoid, SL-1-09, blocks cell cycle progression in breast cancer cellsEuropean Journal of Pharmacology (2019)
Flexible heteroarotinoids (Flex-Hets) are compounds with promising anti-cancer activities. SHetA2, a first-generation Flex-Het, has been shown to inhibit the growth of cervical, head and neck, kidney, lung, ovarian, prostate, and breast cancers. However, SHetA2's high lipophilicity, limited selectivity, low oral bioavailability, and complicated synthesis has led to the development of second-generation compounds, such as 1-(1-(naphthalen-1-yl)ethyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl) thiourea or SL-1-09. Results from our lab show that SL-1-09 exhibits anti-cancer activities against ERα+ and ERα- breast cancer cells at micromolar concentrations. SL-1-09 is a mixture of two enantiomers, R and S. The objective of this study was to further analyze these enantiomers to determine their individual anti-cancer activities. Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that the percentage of cells in S-phase is reduced significantly when breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, T47D and MDA-MB-453 cells are treated with 5.0 μM of the S enantiomer. Consistent with this finding, treatment of these cells with the S enantiomer resulted in lower expression levels of cell cycle proteins. Overall, our data indicate that the S enantiomer shows greater growth inhibitory effects than the R form against ERα+ (MCF7 and T47D) and ERα- (MDA-MB-453) breast cancer cells, suggesting that the activity observed in SL-1-09 is most likely due to the ability of the S enantiomer to block cell cycle progression.
- Breast Cancer,
Publication DateNovember, 2019
Citation InformationEmily Ginn, Jihyun Baek, Maryam Fallatah, Shengquan Liu, et al.. "Enantiomer of the novel flexible heteroarotinoid, SL-1-09, blocks cell cycle progression in breast cancer cells" European Journal of Pharmacology Vol. 862 Iss. 5 (2019) p. 172634 ISSN: 0014-2999
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mary-sevigny/20/