OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine in mice the efficacy of various polymeric-encapsulated C5a peptidase vaccine formulations in eliciting a long-term immune response and preventing group B streptococcus (GBS) infection. STUDY DESIGN: C5a peptidase was encapsulated in semipermeable microspheres of poly(lactide-coglycolide) (PLGA). Female ICR mice were immunized with 0, 10, or 30 mug of encapsulated C5a peptidase within 2 different formulations of PLGA polymers. Booster doses were given at weeks 4 and 8. Antibody responses were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at weeks 4, 8, 11, and 40. Vaginal challenges with GBS types 1a, III, and V were performed at week 12. RESULTS: Thirty microgram doses of the 75:25 and 50:50 PLGA formulations generate the highest and most sustained C5a peptidase-specific immune responses. Mice that received encapsulated C5a peptidase were significantly protected from vaginal colonization compared with mice that received empty microspheres. CONCLUSION: Encapsulated C5a peptidase elicited significant immune responses and protection against a GBS challenge. C5a peptidase microsphere encapsulation has potential as a GBS vaccine.
- Inbred ICR,
- Streptococcal Infections/prevention & control,
- Streptococcal Vaccines/immunology,
- Streptococcus agalactiae/immunology
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mark_santillan/15/