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Article
Tonsil and Turbinate Colonization by Toxigenic and Nontoxigenic Strains of Pasteurella Multocida in Conventionally Raised Swine
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
  • Mark R. Ackermann, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Mary C. DeBey, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Karen B. Register, United States Department of Agriculture
  • David J. Larson, Iowa State University
  • Joann M. Kinyon, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
7-1-1994
DOI
10.1177/104063879400600318
Abstract
Pneumonia and upper respiratory tract infections, such as atrophic rhinitis, are common and insidious diseases of swine. They are often considered causes of decreased rate of weight gain, inefficient feed conversion, and increased time to market, although these parameters do not absolutely correlate with the severity of lesions. Pasteurella multocida is associated with lower and upper respiratory infections, based on results of lung cultures at necropsy and cultures from swabs of the nasal cavity. In the lung, one study showed that nontoxigenic strains were most commonly isolated from acute to subacute pneumonic areas, and toxigenic strains were most commonly isolated from granulomas. In atrophic rhinitis, toxigenic strains are associated with severe, progressive turbinate atrophy. Experimentally, purified toxin induces turbinate atrophy when aerosolized into the nasal cavity or injected into the subcutis, muscle, or peritoneum.
Comments

This article is from Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 6, no. 3 (1994): 375–377, doi:10.1177/104063879400600318.

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
Date Available
2013-09-14
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Mark R. Ackermann, Mary C. DeBey, Karen B. Register, David J. Larson, et al.. "Tonsil and Turbinate Colonization by Toxigenic and Nontoxigenic Strains of Pasteurella Multocida in Conventionally Raised Swine" Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation Vol. 6 Iss. 3 (1994) p. 375 - 377
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mark_ackermann/82/