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Article
Individual Differences in Short-Term Anticipation Training for High-Speed Interceptive Skill
Journal of Motor Learning and Development (2017)
  • Sean Müller, Murdoch University
  • Yasmin Gurisik
  • Mark Hecimovich, Murdoch University
  • Allen G. Harbaugh, Boston University
  • Ann-Maree Vallence
Abstract
Training studies in a variety of domains focus on between-group comparisons. This study investigated individual differences in learning based upon visual anticipation training using field hockey goalkeeping as the exemplar motor skill. In a within-subject design, four state-league level field hockey goalkeepers were tested before and after visual anticipatory training in an in-situ test that required them to save goals from a drag flick. Response initiation time and response accuracy were measured. Participants were tested at baseline, completed a control phase of sport-specific practice, were retested, then given an intervention phase of temporal occlusion training plus sport-specific practice, and retested. Results indicated that two goalkeepers’ response initiation times were earlier after the intervention. Effect sizes indicated that the two goalkeepers improved response accuracy after the intervention. Another goalkeeper’s response initiation time was later after the intervention, but this did not impede response accuracy of goals saved. The mechanism of individual learning appeared to be modulation of response timing to save goals. Anticipation training can improve in-situ visual-perceptual motor skill performance in an individualized and nonlinear fashion. Further research is needed to better understand how each individual learns the visual-perceptual motor skills of high time-stress tasks in the sport domain.
Keywords
  • nterceptive timing,
  • learning,
  • anticipatory training
Publication Date
January 6, 2017
DOI
10.1123/jmld.2016-0029
Citation Information
Sean Müller, Yasmin Gurisik, Mark Hecimovich, Allen G. Harbaugh, et al.. "Individual Differences in Short-Term Anticipation Training for High-Speed Interceptive Skill" Journal of Motor Learning and Development Vol. 5 Iss. 1 (2017) p. 160 - 176
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mark-hecimovich/22/