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Book
Homogenization of Fish Faunas and Concurrent Anthropogenic Impacts on Plains Streams in Western Kansas: 1854–2003
Fort Hays Studies Series
  • Mark E Eberle, Fort Hays State University
Date
2007
Description

The fish faunas of the Kansas and Arkansas river basins in western Kansas were signifi cantly dissimilar at the time the Kansas Territory was established in 1854. The faunas were no longer dissimilar 150 years later. This homogenization of the faunas resulted primarily from extirpations, although additions of nonnative species, which now constitute 40% of extant faunas, also contributed. Two periods of changes in the faunas were associated with concurrent anthropogenic changes to the landscape that altered stream habitats. Early extirpations of native species (prior to 1920) occurred in clear, perennial creeks and were concurrent with rapid increases in human population and row-crop agriculture associated with increased demands on perennial water sources and increased sediment yields in streams. Late extirpations of native species and widespread additions of nonnative species (after 1960) occurred in formerly large, often turbid rivers with seasonally variable fl ows and were concurrent with increases in groundwater mining and construction of impoundments associated with dewatered stream segments, stabilized fl ows in other stream segments, reduced peak fl ows in all rivers during summer, increased lentic habitat, and reduced turbidity.

Rights
© Fort Hays State University
Publisher
Fort Hays State University
Department
Biology
Comments
For questions contact ScholarsRepository@fhsu.edu
Disciplines
Citation Information
Mark E Eberle. Homogenization of Fish Faunas and Concurrent Anthropogenic Impacts on Plains Streams in Western Kansas: 1854–2003. (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mark-eberle/7/