The iron-regulated outer membrane proteins (IROMPs) of Pasteurella multocida A:3 strain 232 (Pm232), a bovine isolate, were investigated as potential immunogens in cattle. We addressed the ability of P. multocida IROMP-enriched fractions to induce antibody responses in cattle by different vaccination strategies and the protective efficacy of these antibodies using a P. multocida-induced pneumonia challenge model. Vaccination of cattle with outer membrane-enriched fractions derived from Pm232 grown on either iron-depleted (IROMPs) or iron-sufficient (OMPs) conditions induced significant antibody responses; however, the correlation with lung lesion scores was not significant (P = 0.01 and P < 0.07, respectively). SDS–PAGE, Western blots and densitometric analyses of Pm232 grown under iron-deficient conditions revealed five major IROMPs including an immunodominant 96 kDa protein band. Mass spectrometry analysis of the 96 kDa protein band suggested homology with the heme acquisition system receptor (HasR) of avian P. multocida (strain Pm70) and was confirmed by DNA sequence analysis of the cloned Pm232 hasR gene. Further analyses indicated that Pm232 HasR is a surface-exposed OMP and conserved among most P. multocida isolates investigated. In addition, cattle vaccinated with live Pm232 or IROMPs had significantly higher antibody responses to the 96 kDa protein band and the correlation with lung lesion scores approached significance (P = 0.056). These results indicate that antibody responses in cattle are induced by P. multocida IROMPs, and that the 96 kDa HasR protein is an immunodominant IROMP.
- pasteurella multocida,
- iron-regulated outer membrane protiens,
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