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Dyadic Relationship Scale: A Measure of the Impact of the Provision and Receipt of Family Care
The Gerontologist
  • Margaret Sebern, Marquette University
  • Carol J Whitlatch, Margaret Blenkner Research Institute, Benjamin Rose Institute
Document Type
Format of Original
11 p.
Publication Date
Oxford University Press
Original Item ID
doi: 10.1093/geront/47.6.741

Purpose: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Dyadic Relationship Scale (DRS), which measures negative and positive dyadic interactions from the perspective of both the patient and the family caregiver. An important aspect of evaluating the DRS was that it be statistically sound and meaningful for both members of the dyad. Design and Methods: The study used a cross-sectional design. Survey packages were mailed to home health care patients and their family caregivers. The unit of analysis was the dyad, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted. We examined the reliability, discriminant, and concurrent validities of the instrument. Results: The data supported a two-factor DRS that included negative dyadic strain (patient α = .84; caregiver α = .89) and positive dyadic interaction (patient α = .86; caregiver α = .85). The analysis supported the DRS's construct, discriminant, and concurrent validity, as well as its reliability for both patients and family caregivers. Implications: Using the DRS to measure the impact of family care on positive and negative interactions inclusive of patients and caregivers can assist in identifying areas of difficulty and guide interventions to improve outcomes for both members of the dyad.


Accepted version. The Gerontologist, Vol. 47, No. 6 (December 2007): 741-751. DOI. © 2007 Oxford University Press. Used with permission.

Citation Information
Margaret Sebern and Carol J Whitlatch. "Dyadic Relationship Scale: A Measure of the Impact of the Provision and Receipt of Family Care" The Gerontologist (2007) ISSN: 0016-9013
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