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Article
Combined Effects of Nitrogen Deposition and Water Stress on Growth and Physiological Responses of Two Annual Desert Plants in Northwestern China
Environmental and Experimental Botany
  • Xiaobing Zhou, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Yuanming Zhang, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Xuehua Ji, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Alison Downing, Macquarie University
  • Marcelo Serpe, Boise State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
12-1-2011
Disciplines
Abstract
Two annual desert plants, Malcolmia africana (L.) R.Br. (Brassicaceae) and Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntz (Chenopodiaceae) were selected to determine the combined effects of nitrogen deposition and water stress on their growth and physiological responses. Nitrogen addition and water stress significantly affected growth of both species. Root weight, leaf number, average leaf area, total biomass, and the shoot/root ratio increased with N addition. For both species, increasing N levels were correlated with higher concentrations of chlorophyll and soluble proteins, higher net photosynthetic rates, and lower content of soluble sugars and proline. Malcolmia africana was more sensitive to water stress than Bassia hyssopifolia, but few differences were observed between the species in their response to N addition. The negative effects of water stress on growth and physiological responses were partly compensated by increased N supply. Overall, the results suggest that N deposition could lead to an increase in annual plant growth in the Gurbantunggut Desert in northwestern China.
Citation Information
Zhou, Xiaobing; Zhang, Yuanming; Ji, Xuehua; Downing, Alison; and Serpe, Marcelo. (2011). "Combined Effects of Nitrogen Deposition and Water Stress on Growth and Physiological Responses of Two Annual Desert Plants in Northwestern China". Environmental and Experimental Botany, 74, 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2010.12.005