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An Exploratory Study of Attachments and Posttraumatic Stress in Combat Veterans
Current Psychology (2015)
  • Marc A. Lindberg, Ph.D.
  • Dr. Robert D Shura, Marshall University
Abstract The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate
the potential value of comparing specific attachments to
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in
combat veterans with a new measure of attachments. A case
series of 22 combat veterans in a Veterans Affairs Medical
Center clinic completed PTSD Checklist – Military Version
(PCL-M), Trauma Symptom Inventory - 2nd Edition, and the
Attachment and Clinical Issues Questionnaire (ACIQ) as part
of a pilot study for a larger project. Descriptive statistics and
Pearson correlations were used to examine the data. Although
there were significant negative correlations between self-rated
PTSD symptoms and avoidant (r = −0.44) and ambivalent
(r = −0.55) attachment scores towards their mothers, suggesting
a novel type of enmeshment, positive correlations were
found between PTSD symptoms and avoidant partner attachments
scores (r = 0.47). There were no significant correlations
between the attachment scales to father and PTSD symptoms.
The ACIQ Ambivalent Partner scale was only related to TSI-2
scales Intrusive Experiences (r = −0.44) and Defensive
Avoidance (r = −0.44). An exploratory regression model
using attachment variables identified from correlations and
predicting PCL scores was significant (R2 = 0.48); however,
only Avoidant Partner scale contributed significant variance
(β = 0.42, p = 0.024). The potency of the partner scale
  • PTSD,
  • Combat Veteran,
  • RDoC,
  • Attachment and psychopathology,
  • Combat stress
Publication Date
Fall October 20, 2015
DOI 10.1007/s12144-015-9390-2
Citation Information
Marc A. Lindberg and Robert D Shura. "An Exploratory Study of Attachments and Posttraumatic Stress in Combat Veterans" Current Psychology Vol. October 20 Iss. 2015 (2015) p. 1 - 9 ISSN: 1046-1310
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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-SA International License.