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Article
Controlling Emotions in Sport
The Sport Psychologist (2003)
  • Marc Jones, Staffordshire University
Abstract

Emotions play a central role in sport performance. Accordingly, it is important that athletes are able to draw on a range of strategies to enhance emotional control. The present paper outlines a number of strategies based on Lazarus’ cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. Strategies are outlined that aim to change cognitions, resulting in either a more appropriate emotional response or a suppression of the expression of emotion and any maladaptive behavioral consequences. These techniques comprise self-statement modification, imagery, socratic dialogue, corrective experiences, self-analysis, didactic approach, storytelling metaphors and poetry, reframing, cognitive paradox, and use of problem-solving skills. Furthermore, given the changes in physiological arousal accompanying certain emotions, it is also suggested that general arousal control strategies could play an important role in emotional control.

Keywords
  • Emotion,
  • sport,
  • emotion regulation,
  • emotion control
Disciplines
Publication Date
2003
Citation Information
Marc Jones. "Controlling Emotions in Sport" The Sport Psychologist Vol. 17 (2003)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/marc_jones/8/