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The Ethical Limits of Domestication: A Critique of Henry Heffner’s Arguments
  • Colin Allen, Texas A&M University
  • Marc Bekoff, University of Colorado
  • Lori Gruen, Wesleyan University
Document Type
Response or Comment
Publication Date
Henry E. Heffner argues that “animals bred for research are properly viewed as animals who have successfully invaded the laboratory niche, relying heavily on kin selection to perpetuate their genes.” (1999, p. 134). This view of human–animal interactions is the cornerstone of his defense of animal experimentation in two widely-distributed papers (Heffner 1999, 2001). We argue that Heffner’s defense lacks adequate attention to ethical distinctions and principles.

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Citation Information
Allen, C., Bekoff, M., & Gruen, L. (2001). The ethical limits of domestication: A critique of Henry Heffner's arguments. Anthrozoös, 14(3), 130-134.